Legal News

Employment Law


Court of Justice of the European Union

Published August 27, 2011

Fuchs v Land Hessen

Case C-159/10

Köler v Same

Case C-160/10

Before President J. N. Cunha Rogrigues with Judges A. Rosas, U. Lomas, A. O’Caoimh and P. Lindit (Rapporteur)

Advocate-General Y. Bot

Judgment July 21, 2011

"The Directive establishing equal treatment in employment and occupation did not preclude a law providing for the compulsory retirement age of permanent civil servants at the age of 65, while allowing them to continue to work, if it was in the interests of the service that they should do so, until the maximum age of 68.

THE court of Justice of European Union ruled

First, that Council Directive 2000/78/EC which established a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation did not preclude a law which provided for the compulsory retirement of permanent civil servants, in this instance prosecutors, at the age of 65, while allowing them to continue to work, if it was in the interests of the service that they should do so, until the maximum age of 68, provided that that law had the aim of establishing a balanced age structure in order to encourage the recruitment and promotion of young people, to improve personnel management and thereby to prevent possible disputes concerning employees’ fitness to work beyond a certain age, and that it allowed that aim to be achieved by appropriate and necessary means.

Second, in order for it to be demonstrated that the measure concerned was appropriate and necessary, the measure must not appear unreasonable in the light of the aim pursued and had to be supported by evidence, the probative value of which it was for the national court to assess."


Source: the Times August 27 2011




Posted On : September 19 , 2011


Landlord & Tenant

A tenant brought a claim against a landlord for breach of covenant in respect of damp and mould throughout the rented flat. The tenant later appealed against the judge's decision not to include damage to plaster in the award he made in favour of the tenant. The tenant submitted that the landlord should have been liable to repair the damaged plaster. The question later was whether the plaster formed part of the building structure in which case the landlord would have been responsible to repair the wall.

The Court of Appeal held in May that plasterwork generally was part of the structure.

For further details please refer to (subscription may be required)

Posted On : September 19 , 2011


Criminal Law - Bribery

The Bribery Act 2010 received the Royal Assent April last year and came into force June 2011.

Quoted from the Law Society,

"The act creates three main offences:

  • bribing a person to induce or reward them to perform a relevant function improperly
  • requesting, accepting or receiving a bribe as a reward for performing a relevant function improperly
  • using a bribe to influence a foreign official to gain a business advantage."
It suffices if the person committing the offence has connections with the UK and not necessary been a British Citizen.

More information can be obtained from the following website:

Posted On : August 5 , 2011



Significant changes to the Tier 4 student route of the points-based system came into effect earlier this month.

The revised immigration rules:

  • "restrict work entitlements, by only allowing students sponsored by higher education institutions (HEIs) and publicly funded further education colleges to work part-time during term time and full-time during vacations;

  • restrict sponsorship of dependants to those of students sponsored by HEIs on postgraduate courses lasting 12 months or longer, and of government-sponsored students on courses lasting longer than 6 months;

  • require institutions to confirm that courses represent genuine academic progression from any previous courses studied by the student in the UK; and

  • create a streamlined application process for low-risk nationals sponsored by Highly Trusted sponsors."

 The new versions of these forms can be accessed on the UKBA website.

MPs have said that the government has rushed plans to curb student visas, saying the restrictions could cost the economy £3.4 bn.

Posted On : July 26 , 2011



Although Sharia Courts have been given power to rule on Muslim civil cases and their decisions are enforceable through the county court and the High Court, the government has decided against legalising multiple Islamic marriages.

For more information please read:


Posted On : July 25 , 2011


Non-Matrimonial Property

A husband of a wealthy wife (£58.8m gross by date of trial; £28.3m at date of separation) could only get 9.3% of the assets (£5.3m) because the assets were entirely non-matrimonial, they were ring fenced and the wife had lived extremely modestly throughout her marriage of over 20 years. The court held that 'special contribution' does not apply to non-matrimonial property.

Posted On : July 19 , 2011


EU Cookies Law

UK has delayed EU's Privacy and Communications Directive in respect of cookies for one year, the effect of which is that user's consent should be obtained for the replacement of cookies on their computers.

Ed Vaizey, the communications minister said "We recognise that some website users have real concerns around online privacy but also recognise that cookies play a key role in the smooth running of the internet" .

Posted On : June 3 , 2011



The Supreme Court ruled that the police guidelines on retaining DNA profiles is unlawful after the European Court of Human Rights's ruling that indefinite retention of samples breached article 8.
To read more please see:

Posted On : May 23 , 2011



A North London family solicitor has launched an app designed to help divorcing or separating couples in England and Wales to save money on their legal fees.

The £9.99 programme is titled Divorce? A Comprehensive Guide To Divorce
In England And Wales.

The application contains various sections that "intuitively" guide a user through what their options are should a relationship break down.

There is a chapter devoted to applying for a divorce, while others deal with children, financial issues, choosing a lawyer and working out budgets. Divorce can be downloaded to any iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch.

The application, however, has already been criticised by family groups who accuse it of trivialising marriage and divorce.

 Stephen Green, a spokseman for campaign group Christian Voice, told The Guardian: 'It could encourage divorce by normalising the decision, making it seem as easy to make as any other lifestyle choice.

'It could also deter the other partner from fighting to save their marriage.'

It is released just weeks after it was revealed that the number of divorces in England and Wales dropped by 6.4 per cent in 2009 when compared with the year before - down from 121,708 to 113,949. This was the lowest annual figure in 35 years.

It also marked the sixth consecutive year that the number of divorces fell, from 153,065 in 2003.

Source: Daily Mail, Law Gazzett and Times of India


Posted On : April 18 , 2011



Major & Co Solicitors has joined the Certainty National Will Register

Certainty is the National Register of Wills and Will search service endorsed by the Law Society.  Only a will written by a legal professional can be included on the register which records that we hold the will, but the will always remains confidential with us. 

A recent survey established that more than 60% of those surveyed did not know where to find their parents’ Wills (perhaps due to changing circumstances, moving to another area or the passage of time). If your Will cannot be found after your death then your assets will be either distributed in accordance with the intestacy rules, or an earlier and out of date Will, if any, is admitted to probate and your assets will not necessarily be distributed in the way you would have wished.  Either way, this can cause emotional distress and financial loss for the loved ones you intended to benefit from your estate. 

Registering your Will with Certainty is a precautionary method to ensure that your Will is traceable by your beneficiaries.

Posted On : April 18 , 2011